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Transylvania is a historical region which today is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by its natural borders, the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended westward to the Apuseni Mountains. The term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crișana and Maramureș, and occasionally the Romanian part of Banat.

Romania has some of the most breathtaking drive routes in Europe from the high-altitude mountain roads to those that follow river valleys and gorges.  Transfagarasan is one of the most spectacular routes in Romania, crossing the Fagaras Mountains, the highest mountains in the country.  It starts from Bascov and ends in Cartasoara.  The road is a 152km long winding road dotted with steep hairpin turns, long S-curves, and sharp decents that links southern Romania with Transylvania.  Along the way you can see Poenari Fortress (the real castle of Dracula), Vidraru Lake and Balea Lake.  The mountain pass Rucar-Bran is one of the most famous routes in Romania.  Located between Bucegi, Leaota and Piatra Craiului Mountains, the route offers supurb mountain views.  With its beautiful landscapes, this road is a historical access route between southern Romania and Transylvania.  Along the route there is the famous Bran Castle, Dambovicioara Cave and several villages with traditional houses and sheep herds.  Connecting Buzau and Brasov, southern Romania and Transylvania, the Buzau Pass crosses the Eastern Carpathians.  It was historically used by the Turks and Mongols in the midieval attacks of Transylvania.  Besides Lake Siriu, you can see the Bisons Reserve and the fortified church of Prejmer.